Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that clings to the surface of teeth and gums. Brushing and flossing every day may not completely remove all the plaque, especially around the gum line.
The bacteria in the plaque produce toxins that may injure the gums and supporting tissues.
Plaque that is not completely removed within 48 hours hardens into a rough deposit called tartar or calculus. Once tartar develops, the only way to remove it is by having the teeth professionally cleaned. Tartar below the gum line causes inflammation and infection. Because this process is often painless, a person may be unaware a problem exists.
Gingivitis includes swelling and bleeding of the gums, bad breath, or a bad taste in your mouth. Good toothbrushingand flossing can reverse the affects of gingivitis.
Periodontitis occurs when bacterial toxins and enzymes destroy the connective tissue and bone. The pocket between the tooth and the gums deepens; plaque in this area is very difficult to remove. Bacteria invade the surrounding structures.
Crown (caps) A crown ("cap") is a type of dental restoration that fully cups over that portion of a tooth or dental implant that lies at and above the gum line. Crowns are permanently cemented into place. The tooth-crown unit that results functions and is cared for just like a natural tooth.
Dentures Dentures are made out of a plastic base that supports fabricated teeth. It’s shaded to match your gum tissue, and the teeth are usually made of porcelain or plastic. Dentures are custom made to match the structure and form of each individual person’s mouth so they help maintain the look and structural integrity of the person’s face